As such, culture serves as a mediator for the formation and development of specific abilities, such as learning, memory, attention, and problem solving. This chapter excerpt describes the basic elements of Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development. Vygotsky’s Cognitive Development Theory argues that cognitive abilities are socially guided and constructed. Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) was a Russian psychologist who argued that culture has a major impact on a child’s cognitive development. Who was Lev Vygotsky? As stated above, Vygotsky believed children’s thinking is affected by their knowledge of the social community (which is learnt from either technical or psychological cultural tools). Theory 2: Lev Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development. 1) Vygotsky's theory has been applied extensively in education, helping further and advance children's cognitive development by allowing them to grasp more complex concepts at earlier ages. Because Vygotsky’s focus was on cognitive development, it is interesting to compare his views with those a constructivist (Bruner) and a … Specifically, he believed that the way children’s brains and thought processes develop has to do with their social interaction, an idea also known as sociocultural theory. Piaget placed a greater emphasis on peer interaction as a means of cognitive development than did Vygotsky. The main assertion of the Vygotsky theory is that the cognitive development of children is advanced through social interaction with other people, particularly those who are more skilled. Lev Vygotsky's, cultural-historical theory of cognitive development is focused on the role of culture in the development of higher mental functions, such as speech and reasoning in children. Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development. Vygotsky’s theory is complementary to Bandura’s work on social learning and a key component of situated learning theory as well. In applying Vygotsky’s theory to Jake’s situation, since Jake was unable to complete the task at first he seek help from his teacher. Cognitive development is a continuous process that starts right from birth and continues through adulthood. Cognitive development is very important in growing children as they can master the concepts and ideas through the assistance of the adults. Lev Vygotsky, a Russian psychologist, developed a theory of cognitive development known as the Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive development. Various researchers have engaged in research to unravel what transpires during a child’s development. Vygotsky’s socio-cultural theory focuses on how society and culture plays a role in children’s cognitive development (Vygotsky. The second theory we’ll look at is Lev Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development. This should help to provide a different view of cognitive development than the one proposed by Jean Piaget. 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