It needed to be a return to the word of God. Gravity. Study Flashcards On Why did The Reformation happen? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. John Calvin was the most important figure in the second generation of the Reformation, and his interpretation of Christianity, known as Calvinism, deeply influenced many areas of Protestant thought. This is why the Reformation began, and this is what defines it still. In spite of its political implications, the reorganization of the church permitted the beginning of religious change in England, which included the preparation of a liturgy in English, the Book of Common Prayer. Oh my, what a huge question! By mid century, Lutheranism dominated northern Europe. The high death tolls of the middle ages had completely re-shaped life and values in Europe, but the Reformation came just afterward during a time of optimism when life was being rebuilt throughout the continent. The Protestant Reformation was one of the most transformative events in church history. What is the difference between Protestantism and Catholicism? Eastern Europe offered a seedbed for even more radical varieties of Protestantism, because kings were weak, nobles strong, and cities few, and because religious pluralism had long existed. This would launch the series of events that would ultimately produce the Protestant Reformation. Why did it happen? Discipline in the church was also very lax. The Reformation is said to have begun when Martin Luther posted his Ninety-five Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, on October 31, 1517. One reason why Protestant reformation started in Bohemia was a deep crisis (economic, social, national, political) of the late medieval society and the Archbishopric seat of Prague was a major destabilizing factor in the kingdom. The value of individual labor, the distribution of skills, and a host of other factors greatly shift when so many working-age men are dying suddenly in mass from wars and disease. When death is so common and ever-looming, it can also shape values and concerns about spiritual and eternal things. The Feudal Lords themselves were claiming ownership of the once public streams and forests on which the peasants depended for fish, game, foraged foods, and firewood.4  These necessities of life, which peasants had previously gathered for free, now belonged to their lords and came at a cost which many peasants could not pay. Martin Luther claimed that what distinguished him from previous reformers was that while they attacked corruption in the life of the church, he went to the theological root of the problem—the perversion of the church’s doctrine of redemption and grace. Write. Many western Christians were troubled by what they saw as “false doctrines” and malpractices within the Catholic Church, particularly involving the teaching and sale of indulgences. The Reformation catalyzed the secularization of music and art. The Reformation led to the reformulation of certain basic tenets of Christian belief and resulted in the division of Western Christendom between Roman Catholicism and the new Protestant traditions. Where did they all begin? The sale of indulgences in church; woodcut from the title page of Luther's pamphlet. Luther had rejected the Catholic church’s doctrine of transubstantiation, according to which the bread and wine in Holy Communion became the actual body and blood of Christ. This necessarily also made the Reformation a response to doctrinal errors and unbiblical traditions that had developed over time into the Roman Catholic system of Medieval Europe. Martin Luther Himself would write in 1522: "If you read all the annals of the past, you find no century such as this since the birth of Christ. Leading up to the reformation, there was a lengthy period of papal division and turmoil. Spell. The Reformation became the basis for the founding of Protestantism, one of the three major branches of Christianity. Martin Luther precipitated the Reformation with his critiques of both the practices and the theology of the Roman Catholic Church. In the 16th century Erasmus of Rotterdam, a great humanist scholar, was the chief proponent of liberal Catholic reform that attacked popular superstitions in the church and urged the imitation of Christ as the supreme moral teacher. Henry VIII, painting by Hans Holbein the Younger, c. 1540. The timing, however, was just right for the message Luther posted, even if Luther himself had not realized it. Portrait of John Calvin by Henriette Rath; in the collection of the Bibliothèque Publique et Universitaire, Geneva. Unknown to Luther at that time, a deal was going on between Pope Leo X (who desired to complete the construction of decadent new Basilica) and a German noble seeking to increase his own position and influence. A: The Reformation happened for two main reasons. So, while many factors made it possible for the Protestant Reformation to take hold and flourish, in a very real sense, what caused the Protestant Reformation was simply the reading of the Bible, seeking peace with God by His grace alone through faith in Jesus Christ, sharing that truth with others, and then being willing to be logically consistent with that truth when confronted by unbiblical traditions. Or email us at info @ carm.org did the Protestant movement was started... Appeared inconsistent with the revealed word of God disciplined community of the Roman Church. 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