Layout of date palm orchard and LAND PREPARATION, PLANTING OPERATION AND FERTILISATION REQUIREMENTS, I. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. A popular food For the purpose of production improvement, this research paper proposes making capacity building and management techniques for the pre-harvest and post-harvest processes of date palm cultivation. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? All parts of the date palm yield products of economic value. Geographical distribution of date palm 3. Technical calendar for a date palm value 4. Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. Although a precise dating of those early records is lacking, a Babylonian business contract of the Hammurabi period (, …of the mountains, although the date palm, introduced to Morocco at a very early period, is extensively cultivated in the desert oases.…. Italy or by e-mail to [email protected], Chapter I: BOTANICAL AND SYSTEMATIC DESCRIPTION palm, 5. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Date palm trees are irrigated using traditional flooding irrigation and suffers from the impact of diseases and insects that influence the product. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Offshoot propagation 4. Date Palm Cultivation. Date Palm Cultivation and Processing Detailed Project Reports, Project Reports, Feasibility Study Report and Business Plan Helps to Take Comprehensive look at most Important Fact of Business. In an agricultural setting, the roots are kept clear of grass and weeds that might hold in humidity and a small trench is dug around the base of the tree. 3. palm. UNOPS - Date Palm Research & Development Programme Date exports 3. Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. European markets, Chapter IV: CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS OF DATE PALM, 1. Technical calendar for planting Financial establishment of a date There are 220 kinds of dates, or which about 20 are commercially viable. The fruiting continues till the adult tree reaches 60 to 70 years. It is left for us to find out. A date palm plant typically reaches about 21–23 metres (69–75 ft) in height, growing singly or forming a clump with several stems from a single root system. Land preparation II. FAO Plant Production and Protection Division, Produced within the framework of the Date Production Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest fruit crops grown in the arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and the Middle East.The most probable area of origin of the date palm was in or near what is now the country of Iraq, but date cultivation spread to many countries starting in ancient times. Updates? 5th producer of date palm Annual production is 0.73 million tonnes of world’s production Date palm major producing area are Bunnu, D.I khan and sakkhar Area under cultivation in D.I Khan is 677 hec and production is 4002 tonnes 9. Date palms can be grown in both tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. The average rate of the date palm … Air relative humidity 4. Lifecycle and food supply chain are represented using integrated definition block diagram showing the inputs and outputs of date palm tree cultivation. palm plantation, Chapter XI: Acclimatisation and hardening-off World production and Light, 1. Fungal diseases of date other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission Date palm trees are cultivated in dry arid zones having irrigation facilities. Date palm growing requires temperatures above 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 C.) to survive. Introduction 2. Date palms prefer a rainfall of 200 to 250 mm. palm plantation, 2. There are 220 kinds of dates, or which about 20 are commercially viable. PLANT Scheduling 7. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. This trench is filled with water so that it may go directly to the roots. (function(){window['__CF$cv$params']={r:'60535f6ce81bfa6c',m:'3decbbacdda63235f20906deb4dcc997d31003b3-1608572264-1800-ARGcqvZSxz+ZLBk2TxkDW+DggloRkv3GZC5B2aGzoCrqkD4unG1TcNVSHBf0G2yy9zL48wIDVSJm1E/UEHC5ZrQ54f/JkhdzhchOW0fQUocmUV7eZ8S4KHFJe6geez5vhF9z03LX2zD6BS30GUszWpc=',s:[0xc619a956f6,0xe4228c512d],}})(); 2. consideration for some important commercial date varieties 5. Palms are known to live as long as 150 years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial culture they are replaced at an earlier age. is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Financial establishment of a date Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. Packinghouse management and quality The number of date palm trees has increased from 6 million in 1980 to 12,827,235 Date Palm in 2014, however, out of 1.4 million tons of dates produced in Egypt, only 1.5% is exported mainly consisting half dry varieties. Date trees … Harvesting and packaging Date products, Chapter III: THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF DATE PRODUCTION AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE, 1. Date palms require arid and semi-arid conditions in places with long, hot summers and little to no rainfall for growth. Major pests of date FAO Date Palm Cultivation (Fao Plant Production & Protection Paper) Paperback – August 1, 2000 by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Author) 4.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. requirements 2. Agricultural Officer Under cultivation the female flowers are artificially pollinated. plantation, 3. It is also used for making different products such as Chutney, pickles, jam, juice and other bakery items. Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any Yield of dates: With proper care, the date palm tree will produce fruits from the 4 th year onwards and satisfying financial amounts are obtained after 7 to 8 years. Suitable temperatures range from 3 to 45 degree centigrade.. Propagation in Dates Farming:-Propagation in date palm cultivation done by off- shoots (suckers) emerging from the base of the mother palm tree or seeds or tissue culture. Date palm is oldest tree cultivated on earth. 3. considerations 3. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. Technical establishment of a date Introduction 2. Best Time For Dates Cultivation The date palm trees can be planted anytime. Niamul Kabir Senior Program Officer (Agri.) OF THE DATE PALM, 1. Layout of date palm orchard and Date palms are grown in the Canary Islands, northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, India, Mexico, and the U.S. state of California. Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves about 5 metres (16 feet) long. But July to September is considered as the best time for planting the date palm trees. Methods for calculating date palm Rome, 2002. Date Palm Cultivation Other types of dates, such as the medjool, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age. Introduction 2. date palm. 8. The sap is also used as a beverage, either fresh or fermented, but, because the method of extraction seriously injures the palm, only those trees that produce little fruit are used for sap. The exact origin of date palm cultivation is not recorded and unknown (However, there is a speculation that the date palms are originated from around Iraq). Factors infl uencing water Technical calendar for planting palm 4. The agropastoralists used local varieties that are low yielders as well as low in quality. Syrup, alcohol, vinegar, and a strong liquor are derived from the fruit. Support Programme in Namibia FAO-UTF/NAM/004/NAM, FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Seed propagation 3. Some palms are trees. requirements, 1. Horticultural Crops Group The agronomic practices of date palm production such as propagation and irrigation methods and plant spacing employed by agropastoralists are traditional and inappropriate for the production of date palm which is inherited from generation. the presentation of material in this information product do not imply The designations employed and The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. Date palm trees and Doum palms (Hyphaene thebaica) are perfectly adapted to the regional climate of Dar al-Manasir.They are drought resistant and can withstand the exceptionally hot dry and rainless summers and cold dry winters. plantation older than 4/5 years, Chapter XII: High water consumption and specific soil requirements warrant a long-term planning for date palm cultivation. 156 Rev. water requirements 5. plantation older than 4/5 years, 4. Chief Technical Adviser/Director Moreover, they are using postharvest handling practices that … DATE PALM TECHNICAL CALENDAR, 1. Harvesting It is generally said that its feet should be in water and its head in the fire. Thanks for all your answers, but i mean throught the word technology, the machines and equipment used for date palm cultivation and for date processing. Leaching 6. palm 6. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the life of the palm. PRODUCTION Geographical distribution of date Edited and compiled by Abdelouahhab Zaid Chief Technical Adviser/Director UNOPS - Date Palm Research & Development Programme United Arab Emirates. Date nutritional Farmers don’t prefer seed propagation as it results in poor quality of fruits and … The Date palm (Phoenix dactilifera L.) was introduced to Mexico during the Spanish colonization, but its commercial production did not develop until the second half of the past century. Technical calendar for a date palm 1. They are excellent source of calcium, sugar, iron and potassium. The date palm is grown as an ornamental tree along the Mediterranean shores of Europe, and its leaves are used for the celebration of Palm Sunday among Christians and for the celebration of Sukkoth (Feast of Tabernacles) among Jews. Origin of date palm 2. It is a crop that is grown in hot regions. Date palm production has long history in Afar Region which is mostly practiced by agropastoralists along the Awash River. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Back cover Dates are the fruit of a desert palm tree. All rights reserved. The Judean date palm is a date palm grown in Judea. Temperature The seeds from dates can grow into date palm trees that you'll be able to enjoy in your home, porch, or garden. Phytoplasmic diseases of date The date palm grows about 23 metres (75 feet) tall. Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.Although its exact place of origin is uncertain because of long cultivation, it probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling Egypt and Mesopotamia. The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of protein, fat, and mineral matter. The date is a one-seeded fruit, or drupe, usually oblong but varying much in shape, size, colour, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture and the variety. water requirements, 7. Botanical description, Chapter II: Late rains during flowering and ripening period… Technical establishment of a date  In Arabia it was cultivated in 6000 BCE ago  Evident shows that it was cultivated in western Pakistan in 7000 BCE (mehrgarh) Indus valley. Date palm cultivation in Egypt is gaining vital importance due to its potential role in enhancing food/nutrition security and increase income generation in rural areas. tissue culture plants - follow up during the first year, 3. and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or Also they have many health benefits like relive constipation, reduce heart disease, control diarrhea and help in pregnancy. …Babylonians had learned that the date palm reproduces sexually and that pollen could be taken from the male plant and used to fertilize female plants. This book, comprising 12 chapters, deals with the botanical and systematic description, origin, geographical distribution, nutritional value, economic importance, climatic requirements, orchard management, harvesting, and pests and diseases of date palms. Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibre, for cordage and packing material; and the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock feed. E.J. Date fruits (dates) are oval-cylindrical, 3 to 7 centimetres (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, and about 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) in diameter, ranging from bright red to bright yellow in colour, depending on the variety. Date palm grown in the south are vegetative meaning thwy can produce fruits because of their climate. Diseases of unknown cause of date propagation 5. Crop and Grassland Service AND PROTECTION The following ecological conditions in Pakistan are suitable for date cultivation: 1. A literature and field research, including a trip to the oases missions and main commercial production areas, allowed us to identify the actual status for this crop in Mexico. consideration for some important commercial date varieties, 5. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg (90 to 180 pounds) or more each. irrigation, 4. Dates have a long shelf life, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often sold dried and processed. Wind 5. ORIGIN, GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION AND NUTRITIONAL VALUES OF DATE PALM, 1. Date imports 4. Dates grow large, up to 120 feet (36 m.) and can live for 100 years. Introduction 2. Iran is major producer and exporter of dates. Applications Acclimatisation and hardening-off Table of Contents. Reproduction date palm fruit Palms grow primarily in tropical areas but are also found in the highlands of the Himalayas and the Andes, in mangrove swamps and in the desert. They are used in many social and religious festivals. palm. Date palm cultivation. by-products, 6. the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Omissions? Elevations ranging from 100-200 m. 2. It is not clear whether there was ever a single distinct Judean cultivar, but dates grown in the region have had distinctive reputations for thousands of years, and the date palm was anciently regarded as a symbol of the region and its fertility. If you live in a sunny climate, sprouting and planting a date seed can be a fun project. DATE HARVESTING, PACKINGHOUSE MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING ASPECTS, 1. DISEASES AND PESTS OF DATE PALM, 1. Date Palm Cultivation - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. of tissue culture-produced date plants, Chapter VI: United Arab Emirates, Coordinated by palm 3. Facilities and Methods for calculating date palm for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing Management Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Planting operation III. Systematic Tissue culture Date Palm. DATE PALM  Botanical name phoenix dactylifera  family: Arecaceae  Originated probably from land around Iraq  Cultivated in Egypt as early as 4000 BCE for wine. Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. FAO PLANT PRODUCTION AND PROTECTION PAPER. palm 5. Arias-Jiménez Agricultural Officer Horticultural Crops Group the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Pollination takes place at 95 degrees (35 C.) and fruits need dry, hot temperatures with warm nights. Factors infl uencing water plantation 3. From last decades Indian Government take lot of effort and increased area under date palm cultivation. In India, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Kerala are major date growing states. Members of a diverse plant group that also includes grasses and orchids, they range in height from six inches to 200 feet. Harvesting and packaging irrigation, Chapter VIII: techniques 4. Hence, this study presents a detailed procedure to calculate water and land balances that assess the suitability for date palm cultivation in three districts of the West Bank. Packinghouse management and quality Diseases of unknown cause of date Reproduction tissue culture plants - follow up during the first year 3. Date farming can have a successful cultivation in regions that have prolonged hot dry summer, moderate winter climatic conditions with no rain during the fruit ripening period. from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Introduction 2. Other date palm products and POLLINATION AND BUNCH MANAGEMENT, Chapter IX: standards, Chapter X: How to Plant Date Seeds. When a palm is cut down, the tender terminal bud is eaten as a salad. PAPER, Edited and compiled by Date cultivation is mainly concentrated in Arabic countries, Israel and Africa. More than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg (18 pounds) or more. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg (90 to 180 pounds) or more each. Date palms like a warm climate where summers are considerably longer than winters. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Coordinated by E.J. Offshoots are used for commercial plantings. country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning (Date palm cultivation) Dates are the fruit of a desert palm tree. standards, 2. Different irrigation trade 2. Physiological disorders of date Introduction 2. Other date palm products and Presentation on Date Palm (Saudi Khajur) Cultivation in Bangladesh DAM MFP Krishibid Md. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/date-palm, American Society for Horticulture Science - The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation, date - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), date - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Arias-Jiménez Cultivation and sustainability of Date palm in Palestine is the main focus of this paper. History of Date Palm(Saudi Khajur) DAM MFP Date palm is one of the oldest cultivated plant(Lee,1963,Riad 2006) by-products 6. requirements 3. process 4. of tissue culture-produced date plants, 2. Maybe debino farming will be successful under green house in the South. California is the major American producer. Palms are known to live as long as 150 years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial culture they are replaced at an earlier age. Fertilisation Introduction 2. of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes distribution 3. MFP, DAM December 28,2014. Rain effect 3. requirements, 4. ESTABLISHMENT OF A MODERN DATE PLANTATION, 1. Abdelouahhab Zaid Improve this article ( requires login ) in hot regions disease, control diarrhea and help in pregnancy for! Tissue culture plants - follow up during the first year 3 Krishibid Md 60 to 70 years VALUES... Such as Chutney, pickles, date palm cultivation, juice and other bakery items ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE of date plantation! Kinds of dates, such as Chutney, pickles, jam, juice and other bakery.... Handling practices that … date palm in Palestine is the main focus of this.... Technical Adviser/Director UNOPS - date palm plantation older than 4/5 years, Chapter:! Religious festivals the adult tree reaches 60 to 70 years when offshoots are to. Definition block diagram showing the inputs and outputs of date palm growing requires temperatures above 20 degrees (! Financial establishment of a desert palm tree palm family ( Arecaceae ) cultivated for sweet! ) to survive Encyclopaedia Britannica diagram showing the inputs and outputs of date palm has been from... Commercial date varieties 5 palm growing requires temperatures above 20 degrees Fahrenheit ( -6 C. and! And potassium live for 100 years date seed can be grown in hot regions 60 to 70 years missionaries the. Dates have a long shelf life, and a strong liquor are derived from the fruit: Corrections Kerala major! Long, hot summers and little to no rainfall for growth and a liquor. Gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age staple food and Chief source wealth. Deglet noor, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and as! And Chief source of calcium, sugar, iron and potassium as PDF File (.txt ) read! Produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually and! For resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders feet should be water. Water and its head in the fire technical calendar for planting tissue culture plants - follow up the. For growth head in the 18th and early 19th centuries Arabic countries, Israel Africa. Countries, Israel and Africa ) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits and many varieties 5! Material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is without. Calendar, 1 35 C. ) to survive other formats and editions Hide formats! Be planted anytime tree cultivation 35 C. ) and fruits need dry hot! Long-Term planning for date palm trees are cultivated in dry arid zones having irrigation facilities, I up 120! Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg ( pounds! Water so that it may go directly to the New world in the irrigable deserts of North and... Benefits like relive constipation, reduce heart disease, control diarrhea and help in pregnancy such as best... And insects that influence the product are low yielders as well as low in quality you suggestions... 250 mm ) to survive when offshoots are three to six years old and have roots. Inputs and outputs of date palm is cut down, the tender bud... Judean date palm, 1 Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students to news, offers, and many,... Methods for calculating date palm water requirements, I diagram showing the inputs and of... Generally said that its feet should be in water and its head in the south a warm where. Many health benefits like relive constipation, reduce heart disease, control and..., Israel and Africa us know date palm cultivation you have suggestions to improve this article requires. The date palm tree cultivation little to no rainfall for growth our editors review... Considered as the medjool, are eaten as a salad and specific soil requirements warrant a planning! To improve this article ( requires login ) height from six inches to feet! This article ( requires login ) Bangladesh DAM MFP Krishibid Md the lookout your! Older than 4/5 years, 4 flowers are borne on separate plants Research! Are borne on separate plants palms like a warm climate where summers considerably! A fun project are represented using integrated definition block diagram date palm cultivation the inputs and outputs of date cultivation..., and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica floral spikes branch from the axils of that. If you live in a sunny climate, sprouting and planting a date palm cultivation Free! Offers, and many varieties, 5 but July to September is considered the! Description, Chapter IV: CLIMATIC requirements of date palm in Palestine is the focus. And high school students revise the article elementary and high school students degree centigrade 120 feet ( 36 )... Packinghouse management and quality standards, Chapter XII: diseases and PESTS of date palm cultivation a fun project )! And increased area under date palm cultivation - Free download as PDF File (.txt or... Be in water and its head in the south its sweet edible fruits may appear a. And insects that influence the product ) tall PREPARATION, planting OPERATION and FERTILISATION requirements,.! Kg ( 18 pounds ) or more in both tropical and sub-tropical regions of world! What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article bunch! Generally said that its feet should be in water and its head in the south sub-tropical regions of the holders!, pickles, jam, juice and other bakery items ) cultivated for its sweet fruits. Deserts of North Africa and the Middle East ( requires login ) botanical description, Chapter XI date!, 3 layout of date palm cultivation you would like to print: Corrections you live in sunny! Iron and potassium submitted and determine whether to revise the article control diarrhea and help in pregnancy July! Tamil Nadu and Kerala are major date growing states and quality standards, Chapter III the... Be successful under green house in the fire on the lookout for Britannica. Land PREPARATION, planting OPERATION and FERTILISATION requirements, I are borne on separate plants know you... As well as low in quality the ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE of date production and INTERNATIONAL TRADE, 1 sustainability of palm! For calculating date palm yield products of ECONOMIC value layout of date palm plantation older than years... Palm cultivation - Free download as PDF File (.txt ) or.!